View site in English Ver sitio en Español

Eye care specialists in El Salvador

PRIVATE, NON-PROFIT FOUNDATION
NONPROFIT PRIVATE FOUNDATION

Donate Now

GLAUCOMA

WHAT IS GLAUCOMA?

Glaucoma is an irreversible condition that causes lost of vision by damage to the optic nerve.

 
Glaucoma can be divided in several categories. We will explain the most common one called “open-angle” glaucoma.
 

It consists on the increase of the intraocular pressure due to a deficiency in the drainage of aqueous humor (liquid from the inner chambers of the eye). When the fluid does not drain, as it should, it produces lesions on the optic nerve causing a progressive damage or the visual field and diminished vision. 
 

If pressure rises, it can even cause irreversible blindness.

 


CAUSES

Those that present bigger risks are:

  • Ocular hypertension.
  • Age. O
  • lder than 55 years of age.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Family history of glaucoma
  • Progressive myopia
  • Physical injuries or previous eye surgery.
  • Diabetes.

 


SYMPTOMS

In some cases the symptoms can be:

  • Vision of lights
  • Blurry vision
  • Sore eyes and headaches
  • Seeing color halos like rainbows around bright lights
  • Sudden decrease of vision
  • Nausea and vomiting

 



TREATMENT

The possibilities for an effective treatment are better if attended as soon as it has been diagnosed. FUDEM recommends taking into account that at the beginning, this condition does not present symptoms, the only way to detect it is by an eye examination.

At the early stages, glaucoma can be treated with eye drops and pills. In the following stages though laser surgery, eye surgery or a combination of methods. The purpose of the treatment is to reduce pressure inside the eye so there is no further damage to the optic nerve and to stop and control loss of vision. 


But even if theses treatments can protect, the vision does not improve, whatever was lost due to untreated glaucoma is lost.