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Eye care specialists in El Salvador


Home >> Vision Problems >> Ocular Pathologies >> Conjunctivitis


It is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin transparent layer of tissue that covers the visible area of the eyeball and lines the inner surface of the eyelids. The conjunctiva is almost transparent in normal conditions.

Types of Conjunctivitis

  • Bacterial Conjunctivitis: Caused by bacteria. It is not very aggressive during the first three days, but if its secretion is thick and yellowish, then it has to be treated with medication.
  • Allergic Conjunctivitis: Produced by allergens that are usually found in different environmental elements. This type of conjunctivitis can become chronic.
  • Viral Conjunctivitis: Caused by viruses that we can easily find during cold and wet months.
  • Oftalmia neonatorum: produced by bacteria at the moment when the infant passes through the birth canal. In some cases it could block the lacrimal duct.


A visit to the ophthalmologist is recommended if one or more of the following symptoms persists during three or more days:


  • Increased amount of tears
  • Itchy eyes
  • Sore eyes 
  • Redness of the eye
  • Burning eyes
  • Gritty feeling in the eyes
  • Blurry vision
  • Increased sensitivity to light
  • Whitish, yellowish or greenish discharge from both eyes.



Initial treatment consists of cleaning the eyes with water or saline solution. Sometimes it is recommended that after cleansing apply antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic as eye drops or ointments and lubricants.

A doctor should prescribe treatment. Get a professional eye examination at FUDEM. Do not self-medicate because you might put your health at risk by extending the symptoms or increase complications for the eyes, such as decrease of vision, wounds or ulcers and the appearance of irreversible white spots.


  • Avoid self medication
  • Visit a doctor if there is whitish or yellowish discharge for more than 5 days.
  • Do not use eye drops if they were opened and used long time ago.
  • Wash hands and face with plenty of water at least 3 times per day.
  • Try not to touch eyes without first washing hands.
  • Do not share towels or handkerchiefs. It is better to use disposable paper towels.
  • Do not share cosmetics with someone else.